Saturday, April 9, 2011

#246. The Third Man (1949) - Spotlight on England

Directed By: Carol Reed

Starring: Joseph Cotten, Trevor Howard, Alida Valli, Orson Welles

Tag line: "You've never met anyone like him!"

Trivia:  The film's infamous "Cuckoo Clock" speech wasn't in the script; it was allegedly written by co-star, Orson Welles

Poor Holly Martins. 

That's the one sentiment that hits me hardest whenever I watch Carol Reed's classic 1949 thriller, The Third Man. Played wonderfully by Joseph Cotten, Holly Martins is alone in a foreign country with nowhere to turn for help. Yet, despite his disadvantage, he always tries his damnedest to do the right thing. 

Unfortunately for Holly, the 'right thing' usually blows up in his face. 

It's just after WWII, and Martins has traveled to war-torn Vienna to meet with his old college friend, Harry Lime, who has written to Holly saying he might have a job waiting for him. 

But Holly's excitement at the prospect of finding employment quickly turns to sorrow when he learns that Lime was killed in a traffic accident several days earlier, and has only just been taken to the cemetery for burial. 

Holly arrives at the cemetery as the funeral is winding down, and there meets Major Calloway (Trevor Howard) of the international police force. Calloway informs him that his deceased friend, Harry Lime, had been a key figure in the Viennese Black Market, specializing in the sale of stolen medications. 

Holly refuses to believe Calloway, and decides to remain in Vienna in the hopes of restoring Harry's good name. He meets with many of his pal's known associates, including Lime's girlfriend, Anna Schmidt (Alida Valli), in an effort to prove Calloway was after the wrong man. 

But despite being frustrated at every turn, Holly does manage to make one very startling discovery...

The Third Man is an elusive thriller; the various characters Holly Martins comes across during his investigation spend much of their time cowering in dark shadows, and the truth he so desperately searches for only stubbornly reveals itself, and in very small doses. Holly Martins is our guide through The Third Man, even if his chances of figuring out what's going on aren't particularly good. 

Like Holly, we the audience must sift through copious amounts of misinformation to uncover even the slightest glimmer of truth. Holly does eventually learn enough to cast some doubt on the integrity of his friend, Harry Lime, and as a result turns his attention away from salvaging Harry's good name to instead help Anna, who has run into some trouble of her own with the Russian wing of the International Police. Even here, Holly can't catch a break; after putting his reputation on the line to protect Anna, she can't even remember his name (she is constantly calling him “Harry”). 

Yet through it all, Holly Martins can at least take comfort in the fact that he remained an honest man, an island of truth adrift in the sea of deceit that was post-war Vienna. 

Yes, Holly Martins always did what was right, even after he realized doing so would never work to his advantage. 

Poor Holly. He was living proof that nice guys do, indeed, finish last. 

Well, at least that's how it was in Vienna.


SJHoneywell said...

I love this movie, in no small part because of the tremendous script penned by Graham Greene, one of my favorite authors. Welles is this good in other films, but never better.

DVD Infatuation said...

@Steve: Absolutely! The script is tremendous. And Welles shines in his brief role: as great as the film was before he arrives on-screen, it actually gets BETTER once his character is back in the picture. The scene between him and Cotten at the old amusement park is one of the finest ever committed to film (IMHO, anyway).

Klaus said...

Welles' arrival late in the story is one of the finest "entrances" any actor has ever had in film. I'm trying to think of comparable scenes from other movies, but am hard pressed to come up with any which are as memorable.

DVD Infatuation said...

Klaus: Very true! If there's a list out there of the five greatest character intro scenes, Welles' in THE THIRD MAN has to be on it. And you're right...I can't think of any other entrances that come close.

FilmFather said...

One of my all-time favorite films. I just caught it again on Turner Classic Movies last weekend.

I'll say it to anyone who will listen: Yes, there are countless great things about The Third Man -- the post-war Vienna setting, Carol Reed's direction, Graham Greene's tremendous script, Anton Karas' zither score, Orson Welles' legendary entrance, the cat-and-mouse climax in the sewers -- but it's a crime that Trevor Howard was not nominated for a Best Supporting Actor Oscar for his role as Major Calloway. Howard has most of the best lines in the film, as evidenced by your tweet that brought me here ("You were born to be murdered"). And his interactions with (and intolerance of) Holly always makes me smirk, smile, or laugh outright.

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